Interesting - Thank for drawing my attention! The following is what I can Tell you.
搂 - lou3 = A mother spreading her arms (and hands) to embrace an object - pulling it close to her body (like a mother embracing a baby). This might be described as 'grappling' in English - just as grappling-hooks were once used in the Royal Navy to grip-hold of enemy ships (preventing their free movement) and 'pulling' these structures close so that 'Marines' could then jump onboard, neutralise the enemy crew and take control of their ship!
子 - zi3 = Son, off-spring (children) or 'Master' and 'Teacher' (I think this derives from the legends stating that Laozi - one of the founders of the Daoist religion - was born as an old man with white hair. Daoism advocates a rejuvenating wisdom that purports to create the state of 'Immortality').
Stepping inside the opponent's critical distance and thus 'taking away' their ability to respond effectively. Furthermore, the manner in how the opponent is tripped and thrown involves the deliberate 'hurting' of their body through impat with the ground. This exists within all traditional Chinese gongfu and involves the breaking of fingers and toes, joint dislocation, eye-gouging and groin-kicking. Punching the nose and throat is a basic requirement. A practitioner gets inside the opponent's guard (seen in this video) and takes control of the limbs and torso.
A Master of this art 'prevents' the opponent initiating the smooth rolling seen within modern Judo, Aikido or Jiujitsu - as 'falling' in this context must inflict damage upon the opponent - a punishment considered 'just' within ancient China for starting a fight! This why training in this type of in-fighting requires the ability to roll on an unpadded floor. The inner art is to prevent the intended damage from the fall - by 'countering' its intent through 'correct' placement (usually at speed). This is a key factor within traditional Taijiquan practice.
The reality is that the head and centre mass inner organs need to be protected through a) movement of the entire body away from the potentially damaging blows, and b) the movement of the head, arms and legs so as to deflect, parry and/or block the incoming blows when the centre of mass cannot be adequately moved out the way. In the case of unarmed blows - the muscle, bone structure and inner connective tissue can be 'toughened' through physical fitness and martial arts training. The potential damage of these unarmed blows can be effectively absorbed by the outer physical and near surface structures of the body - this includes the bone structures and soft structures that comprise the entirety of skull including the mouth, teeth and tongue, etc. These areas can be 'damaged' but will heal given time. When dealing with bladed weapons - as these can penetrate the toughened outer layers and do fatal damage to the inner organs - movement of the centre mass is of a greater concern if no self-defensive weapon is held by the victim.
In this case the legs must be well trained for either minute or substantial (instantaneous) distance adjustment. A damaged leg will still have to move by necessity (hence the importance of squat kicks in all their variants). The upper limbs comprising the arms and hands will have to 'deflect' and/or catch or absorb the thrusts of any incoming bladed weapons that cannot be completely avoided by systemic (evasive) movement. This may involve the substantial damage of these body parts which must be conditioned to perform this function whilst carrying-on moving for the duration of the self-defence encounter. These types of injuries can heal (regardless of severity and any potential or long-term damage). An individual will probably survive broken or cut arms and hands - but will not survive damaged or cut inner organs, arteries or veins, etc, as the medical chances are greatly reduced.
The outer limbs can be sacrificed to protect the inner organs and blood supply vessels which lie across the centre line. There are cases of individuals surviving horrific injuries following attacks from blades weapons – even with severe mi-section laceration damaging and exposing the intestines, severe and deep cuts to the neck area and even limbs hacked-off – providing medical care can be found in time. Chances of survival are enhanced if the individual concerned has some medical knowledge and First Aid experience – as this can stem blood loss and prolong the chances of survival. Of course, traditional Chinese martial arts often involve extensive mental toughness regimen – and it is this attribute that can drive a severely injured individual to a) ‘survive’ a deadly encounter (despite being badly hurt), and b) seek-out assistance despite being isolated or far away from medical help.
I have written elsewhere about the Chinese (martial) cultural concept of ‘凌空劲’ (Ling Kong Jin) often erroneously translated in English as ‘Empty Force’ (and subsequently misinterpreted) - but what follows is a list of similar concepts. These all encapsulate the idea of striking an opponent ‘at a distance’ - without making physical contact (as is required in Western Boxing or Mixed Martial Arts, etc).
1) 隔山打牛 (Ge Shan Da Niu) = Smashing Mountains Striking Oxen
2) 隔空打人 (Ge Kong Jin Ren) = Smashing Empty Power (into) Opponents
3) 印掌 (Yin Zhang) = Imprinting Palm
4) 百步神拳 (Bai Bu Shan Quan) = Hundred Step Spirit Fist
5) 透劲 (Tou Jin) = Penetrating Power
6) 棉花掌 (Mian Hua Zhang) = Cotton Flower Palm
As these concepts are misunderstood both in China and outside of China, it goes without saying that they are much maligned. (Number '6' actually involves striking and breaking bricks - experiencing the impact as something like 'hitting cotton' - although many also consider this to be a 'fake' skill similar to 'hitting at a distance'). Part of the problem involves the exploitation of these concepts for monetary profit by those who possess no real idea about what these concepts mean. When these frauds are exposed (usually during a sparring match) - the logic employed suggests that the concepts these people are peddling are as corrupt as the personality that is misrepresenting them! This is incorrect – but as there is no separation between the defrauding element and the legitimate martial concept itself – no debate can be developed when the baby is being thrown-out with the bath water!
Obviously, ss someone who firmly rejects capitalism (and the liars it produces) I am certainly NOT supporting any variation of these frauds. I also make no secret of my opposition to the Eurocentric racism prevalent in the West that is routinely aimed at Chinese (and all ‘Asian’) people and their culture. When confronting this type of ignorance, there are a lot of components to unpack. I am not going to waste my time ‘arguing’ with racists – as I would rather confront these morons before they can do any real damage to my family and/or community. As for the genuine people – do not be deceived by charlatans (of any type) and always look beyond the horizon for better and more complete knowledge! Do not fooled by misrepresentations of Chinese (martial) culture.
Chinese Language Source:
Whilst translating a Chinese language text into English regarding the fundamentals of traditional Chinese martial arts, I came across a Chinese ideogram used in the section to explain 'Qinna' (擒拿) - the art of 'capturing and holding' that I had recently read in a Chinese language article discussing the Goju Ryu Karate-Do practice of 'Kakie' (カキエ). This article had originally been written in the Japanese language by the grandson of Motobu Chaoji (本部朝基) and later rendered into Chinese script - which I could read! The two articles under discussion are as follows:
The 'Kakie' article is on this blog whilst the other article now forms a main section on this web-site. Mr Motobu reconstitutes the spelling of 'Kakie' as follows:
Regular Japanese Spelling: 'カキエ' (amongst many similar variants)
Reconstituted Spelling: '風け合い' (Kakiee)
Whereas Mr Motobu uses the Chinese ideogram '合' (He2) - which I also encountered within an in depth article discussing the 'gripping', 'tearing', 'dislocating' and 'hitting' of pressure points used within the very dangerous traditional Chinese martial art of 'Qinna'. In our gongfu system this is used to 'lock' joints and control assailants in the first instance. A step further is pushing into the 'locked' joint so that the bones and joints move in a contrary 'grating' manner - causing sprains, strains and recoverable joint damage. The next level is to apply enough 'sudden' pressure so that the joint structure is 'smashed' - usually beyond repair. Part of this 'catching' (which can also consist of a gentle deflection or diversion away) involves the finger tips 'pressing' powerfully into the pressure points - although the elbow, knee and edge of the thumb can also be used - as can parts of the feet. When 'training' to perfect the application of these devastating techniques - the 'distance' - between the practitioner and opponent must be 'closed' as quickly and efficiently as possible. Within 'Qinna' this is described within the Chinese language as expertly using the concept of '合' (He2)! Mastery of this concept requires the fast and efficient closing of the distance between the opponent and the practitioner - and the sudden diminishing of the space between the striking anatomical weapon and the targeted area of the opponent's body!
Shifu Adrian Chan-Wyles (b. 1967) - Lineage (Generational) Inheritor of the Ch'an Dao Hakka Gongfu System.