I have been looking through the Chinese language internet for 'Ju Jitsu' (or 'Jiu Jitsu') information and found a very good historical article which I have fed through a universal translator:
The early history of Ju Jitsu (Rou Shu) - or 'Giving-Way Art' is described as follows (I have translated this extract exactly):
'The origins of Ju-Jitsu can be traced back to around 2000 BCE (in Egypt). There are hundreds of murals in the famous Khufu Pyramid in Egypt depicting Ju Jitsu-type combat techniques. These North African martial arts techniques appear very similar to modern-day Brazilian Ju-Jitsu. The combat techniques that define Ju Jitsu are found (today) throughout the world within the traditional fighting systems of China, Japan, India, Greece, Egypt, Russia and Mesopotamian, etc. Some scholars speculate that Asian Ju-Jitsu developed separately (and parallel) to its African variant - and is a martial art that originated in ancient India. This Indian martial art then spread to China - where it was consolidated - before being spread across the world by migrating monks and soldiers. It is currently unknown whether there is a direct link between the Egyptian and Asian variants.'
Whilst translating a Chinese language text into English regarding the fundamentals of traditional Chinese martial arts, I came across a Chinese ideogram used in the section to explain 'Qinna' (擒拿) - the art of 'capturing and holding' that I had recently read in a Chinese language article discussing the Goju Ryu Karate-Do practice of 'Kakie' (カキエ). This article had originally been written in the Japanese language by the grandson of Motobu Chaoji (本部朝基) and later rendered into Chinese script - which I could read! The two articles under discussion are as follows:
The 'Kakie' article is on this blog whilst the other article now forms a main section on this web-site. Mr Motobu reconstitutes the spelling of 'Kakie' as follows:
Regular Japanese Spelling: 'カキエ' (amongst many similar variants)
Reconstituted Spelling: '風け合い' (Kakiee)
Whereas Mr Motobu uses the Chinese ideogram '合' (He2) - which I also encountered within an in depth article discussing the 'gripping', 'tearing', 'dislocating' and 'hitting' of pressure points used within the very dangerous traditional Chinese martial art of 'Qinna'. In our gongfu system this is used to 'lock' joints and control assailants in the first instance. A step further is pushing into the 'locked' joint so that the bones and joints move in a contrary 'grating' manner - causing sprains, strains and recoverable joint damage. The next level is to apply enough 'sudden' pressure so that the joint structure is 'smashed' - usually beyond repair. Part of this 'catching' (which can also consist of a gentle deflection or diversion away) involves the finger tips 'pressing' powerfully into the pressure points - although the elbow, knee and edge of the thumb can also be used - as can parts of the feet. When 'training' to perfect the application of these devastating techniques - the 'distance' - between the practitioner and opponent must be 'closed' as quickly and efficiently as possible. Within 'Qinna' this is described within the Chinese language as expertly using the concept of '合' (He2)! Mastery of this concept requires the fast and efficient closing of the distance between the opponent and the practitioner - and the sudden diminishing of the space between the striking anatomical weapon and the targeted area of the opponent's body!
Shifu Adrian Chan-Wyles (b. 1967) - Lineage (Generational) Inheritor of the Ch'an Dao Hakka Gongfu System.