Budo and 'Uke'
a) 受 (shou4) - most often pronounced 'uke' in the Japanese language when used in relation to Karate-Do practice.
This is often translated as 'blocking' in modern English - but literally means to 'receive', 'accept' and to 'withstand' (as in to 'bear the unbearable'). Even within modern Japanese dictionaries - this ideogram is interpreted as only to 'receive' (with no other meaning). (Other pronunciations include 'shu', 'zu' and 'ju', etc, all depending upon context of usage).
The ideogram 受 (shou4) is comprised of 'three' (3) particles:
1) Upper Particle = 爪 (zhao3) - claw, talon, paw - also to 'grip'
2) Middle Particle = 凡 (fan2) - flat plate, dish and common-place object
3) Lower Particle = 又 (you4) - right-hand, repetitive and 'as well as'
Therefore, when all this is assembled and the ideogram 受 (shou4) is formed - the idea is constructed which suggests a 'hand' (爪) is 'passing' a plate to another 'hand' – in other words 'something is being handed over' from one person to another. This is interesting as it suggests that the concept of 'blocking' within Karate-Do cannot be limited to the English translation of 'to block' - as in 'one force deflects another' - and must involve a far more interactive and holistic process where 'attacker' and 'blocker' are united at some deeper level not revealed by the translated term 'to block'.