The Chen Taijiquan Style technique and expression featured on this Telegram Channel site – entitled in the written Persian language as ‘Taijiquan is the Endless Way’ (تای چی راه بی پایان) – is very good! The grey-bearded teacher is named ‘Maziar Kebat’ (مازیار کتابت) – which might mean ‘Master Kebat’ – and he lives in the Fars Province of Southwest Iran. The setting is beautiful as is the high quality of the martial technique! I suspect that we may assume from this that ‘Taijiquan’ is considered ‘Halal’ within the faith of Islam – a fact which grants the practitioners a certain enhanced ‘virtue’. In China, Islam (and Muslims) are greatly respected for a) their spiritual purity and b) their martial integrity! Good to see Taijiquan in Iran and the people united in practice!
The funny thing is that component movements of the Islamic martial art of 'Chaquan' looks identical to our 'Hakka' Longfist Style - even down to the applications - but Longfist is generic and certainly not rare! It comprises hundreds (or thousands) of Northern Styles and is common-place (it has even penetrated a number of Southern Styles). We all approach these movements from our different lineage perspectives - but all traditions use the 'external', 'Internal' and 'Integrated' aspects of ancient Chinese science.
My research suggests that the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BCE) instigated a country-wide martial culture - probably through a specially constructed manual comprised of illustrations and basic directions. As the Qin Emperor expanded the model of the Qin State (originally situated in Northwest China) across the whole of the conquered territories of what is today considered 'China' (which excluded at the time the swamp-infested area of what is now Fujian province) - this 'unity' of culture spread over a massive geographical area and converted every village into a military barracks - and ordered that every local man, women and child became a 'soldier' serving the Qin State whilst having to train in a standardised martial art (both 'armed' and 'unarmed').
This makes Longfist over two-thousand years old - and pre-existing the arrival of Muslims in China by about 1,200 years! The Arab merchants constructed their Chaquan version of Longfist from what they saw around them in the areas of China they had settled within (possibly acquired from the families of the Chinese women they married). Of course, this specialised Longfist was then taught to non-Muslim Chinese people (for various reasons) over-time - so that today Chaquan is practiced by millions of ethnic Han people - as well as Hui Chinese-Muslims. Hakka gongfu is typically 'Confucian' with Buddhist and Daoist overtones. There are theories, however, that suggest the 'Qin' and 'Han' Dynasties may have been 'Hakka' - that is founded by displaced peoples who originally lived on the edges of geographical Northern China (before migrating Southward) and which had developed cultures that mixed 'Han' and 'non-Han' (Barbarian) cultural elements together.
This history is disputed, but certainly DNA studies have linked (modern) Hakka women living within South China with (Evenk) women living today in Siberia. Certainly, our Spear Forms were originally practiced (in-part) whilst riding a Steppe pony and gripping and steering the animal with the legs - whilst keeping the hands free to wield the spear from one side to the other without striking the animal's head. Later, when ponies were nolonger available - the 'Horse Stance' was developed to take their place in training. The 'Horse Stance' used to prepare the practitioner by building the lower-body strength for riding a Steppe pony through 'holding' the stance for long periods of time. Today, most practitioners use this method for strength-building - but have no knowledge of the historical development behind its structure.
I was told (a long time ago) that our Hakka family Style of Longfist may well have a 'Chaquan' component within it. Certainly, the movements contained in the clip below are similar - or identical in application - but I think our Longfist is older than the arrival of Arabs in China and it is more likely that these Merchants 'borrowed' from our Style rather than the other way around. It is a matter of working-out the logical 'chain of evidence':
This is a Norhern Style historically associated with the 'Hui' Muslims living in China - the descendants of Arab (Turkic) Merchants who stayed in China and married Chinese women around a thousand years ago. I suspect these men (and their descendants) constructed this Style using common Longfist techniques. This variant is termed 'Yanzhou' - which I assume is a geographical location in Shandong. The name may mean 'Investigate' or 'Learned Fist' (perhaps in the context of 'Knowledgeable Boxing') - depending upon how '查' (cha2) is pronounced. When written as '楂' (cha2) - it refers to a 'wooden raft' - perhaps used in 'travelling' and 'trading'! Finally, although I have no evidence of this myself, I was told that 'Cha' might be a Chinese language transliteration of the (Turkic-Mongolian) term 'Khan'.
This is a very rare 'Hui' (Muslim) martial art - developed and practiced within China by descendants of Arab merchants (and travellers) who settled in China around a thousand years ago (and at other times after this date). These men were generally highly respected by the Chinese Authorities and often married Chinese women - altered or changed their surnames to fit-in - and sired 'Chinese' children often brought-up within the Islamic faith. This martial art was developed by three respected Imans serving in the Bozhou (亳州) Mosque of Beijing during the reign of Qing Dynasty Emperor Daoguang (r. 1813-1820) and is comprised of various Chinese martial arts techniques as gathered by Hui people living primarily in the Henan, Anhui, Shandong areas - as well other places:
If I am reading this name correctly (see HERE for more information), this art is emphasising intellectual and physical study (晰 - Xi), a process which builds 'Yang' (阳) energy which represents the 'sun' or 'brightness' (the literal meaning of 'Yang') represented by Allah! As Muslims only practice for self-defence the 'open-hand' or 'palm' (掌 - Zhang) is emphasised over the closed fist. Yin and Yang are developed equally with the inner and outer body being made strong and healthy so that the practitioners can a) pray properly and recite the Holy Qur'an in the Mosques, b) perform wholesome labour properly within society and c) maintain the strength to carry-out charitable work and help others free of charge. As this art builds outer strength for praying and inner strength for recitation - by cultivsting Yin and Yang (using martial techniques derived from at least three other provinces) - it is also known by the name of 'Three Considered Profundities' (三议妙 - San Yi Miao). The art itself must only be used to protect vulnerable individuals (including the practittioner) from attack (or 'insult') within society - but the rules for this are very strict (Halal).
Shifu Adrian Chan-Wyles (b. 1967) - Lineage (Generational) Inheritor of the Ch'an Dao Hakka Gongfu System.