The footage and graphics contained in the following (Chinese language) video are very interesting when it is understood that the bones are aligned, the bodyweight is dropping into the ground (rooting) and a rebounding force is rising. The mind is calm and expansive whilst the joints, limbs (and sections of the torso) are 'rounded' (concave and convex). When the joints are 'rounded' the ligaments and tendons are relaxed and extended (like a drawn bow-string). Although the muscle are relaxed and released from any unnecessary tension - there is a natural 'torque' (twisting tension) - again, similar to a bow-string that is drawn with just the right amount of tension - and no more.
This is important as most people are far too 'tense' and 'rigid' as a habit. Once the awareness penetrates the centre of the bones and all this is achieved - this advanced understanding spreads all over the body and is held in place by an expanded awareness. It can then be reproduced in any and all Form movements and in any self-defence situations. The bodyweight drops down through the centre of the bones (stimulating the bone marrow) and 'rebounds' up from the ground - also through the centre of the bones - and can be emitted through any part of the body. This power production can then be augmented by the localised speed of a limb or position (angle) of the attacking body-part. A perfectly timed blow can be massively magnified in power by catching an opponent 'running in' onto a punch or kick, etc. Here, in this beautiful Shaolin (Europe) video we can see how the bow is correctly 'drawn':
All this is achieved through holding the '站桩' (Zhan Zhuang) - or 'Standing like a Stake' - ('Holding the Ball') position. Although I focus upon the 'rounded' structure of this exercise - its name traditionally derives from a foundational 'stake' or 'pile' (shaped like a 'rounded' Western telegraph pole) that was driven deep into the ground (or sea-bed) which served as an anchoring (and firm) support for a building. There is 'rootedness' (dropped bodyweight) and there is expanding 'stabilisation' (rebounding and rising) power! This is an analogy worthy of further consideration - as it is this psychological and physical 'roundedness' that makes all this ability possible!
Advanced martial arts practice is ethereal even though it involves the movement of the body. In fact, moving the body is basic gongfu training, a mastery of which should be gained in one’s youth if possible. When the body ‘ages’ - a practitioner does not want the problem of mastering martial technique whilst coming to terms with how ‘ageing’ changes the mind and body. Knowing how to stand, fall, get-up, moving, kick, punch, block and evade, etc, are foundational issues that must be thoroughly absorbed into the deepest levels of the mind and body well before middle-age is reached. Of course, this is not always the case, as some people take-up the practice of traditional Chinese martial arts late in life – but with regards the more robust and rugged ‘external’ techniques – youthful practice is preferred. This is why many older people (with no previous experience) start their martial arts training through one of the ‘internal’ arts – which are a product of an ‘advanced’ and ‘mature’ mind-set.
On the other hand, if an individual is able to build 20-30 years of training prior to hitting 40-50 years of age – then the bones, joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons and inner organs have all had time to experience a ‘hardening’ process over-time - and are far more ‘robust’ whilst the individual traverses into older age. Probably the greater reason for early martial arts practice is that the ability to produce massive (internal and external) impact power (with minimum) effort must be mastered before the body transitions into older age. This observation does not mean that older people cannot achieve this ability later in their life – but to already possess this devastating power is one less burden – particularly as we may also have far more responsibilities as mature people than the average young person. However, with the right type of instruction from a genuine Master, anyone of any age can ‘master’ gongfu regardless of circumstances. Motivation is the key to it all.
The mind must be ‘still’ and ‘expansive’. Its psychic fabric must be simultaneously ‘empty’ and yet ‘envelop’ all things without exception! Although there is much experimentation in the West with the physical techniques of the many (and varied) gongfu styles – very few practitioners are interested in the spiritual or higher psychological aspects of traditional Chinese martial arts. This is because gongfu has been taught the wrong way around in the West to suit the cultural bias of the fee-paying audience. Whereas in China kicking is learned before punching – in the West punching is taught before kicking (because of the influence of Western Boxing). Whereas in China a gongfu practitioner learns to stand still and to stand ‘solid’ whilst defending the ten directions – in the West students are taught to move around before being taught how to ‘stand still’ (this is because Western students do not understand the important of achieving inner and outer ‘stillness’). Whereas in China gongfu student learn to ‘relax’ before assuming postures – in the West students are taught to ‘stretch’ using yoga-like techniques (mostly unknown in China). Whereas students in China learn to ‘strike’ various wooden objects to condition the bones of the hands and feet – in the West, students are encouraged to hit ‘soft’ pads that give a false impression of what it is like to hit a ‘real’ body! In the West, the mind is ‘entertained’ as a means to secure continued fee-paying through class attendance – whilst in China the Master continuously looks for new ways of ‘testing’ the virtue of the student and for any reason to ‘expel’ them from the training hall!
All this ‘inversion’ must be remedied if the highest levels of spiritual and physical mastery are to be achieved. This has nothing to do with rolling around on a padded floor wearing padded-gloves – and everything to do with ‘looking within’ to refine the flow of internal energy. The awareness of the mind must permeate every cell of the physical body whilst the practitioner sits correctly in the meditation posture. What else is there? When advanced practitioners ascend to a certain age of maturity, reality has nothing to do with the ego pursuit of ‘winning’ or ‘losing’ in petty disputes that ultimately mean nothing. Most of the combat sports of the moment are fleeting and exist merely to make money – and they are ineffective on the modern battlefield and not practiced by the military! The final lesson is to ‘leave the body’ with the minimum of fuss when the time presents itself. In a very real sense, a genuine Master of martial arts has ‘already’ transcended the boundaries of material limitation whilst still living. This sense of ‘completion’ and ‘transcendence’ is what draws the already perceptive into his or her presence to receive instruction...
Shifu Adrian Chan-Wyles (b. 1967) - Lineage (Generational) Inheritor of the Ch'an Dao Hakka Gongfu System.